Potential Impacts of Marine Energy Development on Scotland’s Marine Ecological Environment

Marine birds

Potential displacement of marine birds due to the presence of wave and tidal energy converters and associated moorings / support structures - download

The potential effects on birds of above surface noise generated by wave and tidal energy converters with generators or air turbines housed in surface-piercing components - download

The potential effects on diving birds from underwater noise and vibration generated by wave and tidal energy converters and during drilling activities - download

Potential for collision between diving birds and  the moving turbine blades / hydrofoils of tidal energy converters - download

Direct loss of breeding habitat used by coastal breeding birds due to the installation of shoreline wave energy converters - download

Potential effects of changes in turbulence on foraging success of marine birds due to the presence of wave and tidal energy converters and associated moorings / support structures - download